Rafiki Jazz quiz answers
Spoiler alert! These are the answers to this quiz about stringed instruments around the world.
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Question 1: What names are given to end-blown flutes native to Persia and Egypt?
Ney flutes are Arabic or Persian and Kawala flutes are Egyptian.
Question 2: What is the Ney flute traditionally made of?
They are made of cane! Now they are also often made of plastic or metal too. They have 6 or 7 holes.
Question 3: What is the single stringed instrument (pictured) called?
The Berimbau is a single stringed percussive instrument from Brazil. It is traditionally played to accompany the martial art Capoeria.
Question 4: How many strings does the lute-shaped Oud have?
11 or 13. It is commonly used in Persian, Greek, Turkish, Byzantine, Arabian, Armenian, North African, Somali and Middle Eastern music.
Question 5: What instrument is traditionally played with one hand and a stick? Tabla, sabar, steel pans or pandeiro?
It's the Sabar. It was formerly used to communicate with other villages over long distances.
Question 6: What tuning is often used on a violin in Indian music?
D#-A#-D#-A# - other tunings are also used as well as this one - the 3rd and 4th strings have different intervals to western tuned violins but the instrument itself is the same.
Question 7: Where do steel pans originate from?
Trinidad and Tobago. Musicians who play steel pans are called pannists.
Question 8: What is the West-African, 21-stringed, lute-bridged harp, the Kora, made of?
It is made of a Calabash - a type of gourd or squash. The front is covered in cow skin and it is the instrument of traditional griot (storyteller) musicians.
Question 9: Where is Tabla traditionally played?
The answer is India and Pakistan. Tabla is particularly important in Hindustani classical music.
Question 10: A tanpura is a long-necked plucked string instrument often found in Indian music. What sort of sound does it make?
It supports the melody by providing a continuous harmonic drone.
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